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Generic drugs, or simply generics, are medications that have the same active ingredients as the medications that were originally developed and patented. They are allowed for sale once the patents of the original drugs expire. Simply said, these are copies of brand-name medications with the same intended use, dosage, contraindications, side effects, risks and safety. Generics are cheaper, at times much cheaper, than their brand-name counterparts. It is due to the fact that the manufacturers of generics do not have the expenses of developing and advertising a new medication. When a new drug is brought to the market, its manufacturer has already spent a lot of money on its research, development and promotion. A patent gives such manufacturer an exclusive right to sell this drug. But when the patent expires, other companies can make and sell such drug more cheaply without having to spend money on its development.

This website provides detailed information about generic medications used for the treatment of various health problems. For example:

Medications for heart conditions are among the largest segments of modern pharmaceutical industry since cardiovascular diseases affect millions of people and take hundreds of thousands of lives every year. These medications help to treat a variety of heart disorders including hypertension, different types of arrhythmias, coronary artery disease, heart failure, atherosclerosis, etc.

All medications used in the therapy of heart diseases can be divided into different classes – ACE inhibitors, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, nitrates, diuretics, antiarrhythmic drugs, metabolic agents, anticoagulants, antiplatelet agents, etc. So doctors apparently have a fairly large arsenal of medications that can be used to improve heart health.

Since the early 2000s, the frequency of antidepressant use has increased significantly. Antidepressants, the name speaks for itself, are most commonly used for the treatment of clinical depression. However, they can also be very helpful in the treatment of other mental disorders including generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, bulimia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, bipolar disorder, social anxiety disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, etc. Some antidepressants may also be prescribed for the treatment of chronic pain syndrome.

There are different types of antidepressants such as tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and others. In every group there are several brands of antidepressants and a lot of generics. All of antidepressants work by increasing the levels of certain chemicals in the brain (neurotransmitters), such as noradrenaline and serotonin, which are linked to emotions and mood.

Antibiotics are a powerful means in the treatment of infections caused by bacteria. They work by selectively inhibiting the growth of pathogenic microorganisms. Modern antibiotics are a large group of drugs that differ in their chemical structure. They also differ in the spectrum of their antimicrobial action which makes it possible to effectively fight most infections with minimal side effects. Some of them are active only against gram-positive bacteria, others suppress the growth of only gram-negative bacteria; there is also a group of antibiotics with a wide spectrum of action which means they are active against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. There are also antitumor antibiotics and antifungal antibiotics.

Pharmaceutical companies currently produce both brand-name antibiotics and their generics which are cheaper and have some peculiarities.

These are preparations with active ingredients made from various parts of plants – flowers, roots, or leaves. Like with conventional drugs, the use of herbal medicines should be discussed with a health care provider since they can have certain contraindications and may provoke side effects or allergic reactions. Moreover, some herbs can interact with over-the-counter or prescription medications. Herbal medicines are sold in the form of pills, powders, capsules, extracts, teas and dried plants. They are mainly used to achieve additional therapeutic effect in the treatment of acute or chronic conditions.